June is the month with the longest light time of the year. The abundant sunshine and hot climate are perfect for the growth of summer-type succulents, and most of their species, especially many species of plants in the Cactaceae and Euphorbiaceae families, bloom this month.
While the growth of winter-type succulents completely stopped, spring and autumn growth of intermediate succulents in the cooler northern regions, the first half of this month can continue to grow, the second half is also basically in a dormant state, while the southern regions due to the hot climate, intermediate succulents basically stopped growing this month.
1. Light and ventilation
Most kinds of cacti, as well as Agave, Euphorbiaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, and other summer-type species of succulents, can be placed outdoors in full sunlight and well ventilated, if the light is not enough, it will make some plants columnar or spherical species of fleshy stems suddenly become thin, forming an unsightly spike.
And for the Agave family and other species that are mainly foliage will cause the plant to loosen, the leaves become thinner, and the white powder on the leaf surface is reduced or disappeared, which is not conducive to ornamental.
The winter type species of succulents such as the Lithops, Conophytum spp, Pleiospilos nelii, as well as the intermediate type of Crassula portulacea cv. OHGONKAGETSU, Echeveria, Tacitus Bellus, etc. can be placed in bright light, and no direct sunlight maintenance, so that the plant can be compact, beautiful leaf color.
No matter what type of succulent plants, long-term indoor or other places where the light is not enough to maintain the plant should not be directly exposed to the sun, should first be taken to a semi-shady place to maintain a few days, so that it gradually adapt to changes in the environment, so as to avoid strong direct sunlight burns the leaves, the formation of unsightly scars.
Most types of succulents require good ventilation in the summer, if the stifling heat and humidity are caused by poor ventilation, it is easy to cause the plant to rot. In turn, stifling heat and dryness can lead to red spider damage.
For the growing summer type succulents can be fully watered, this is because in the growth period of succulents, although drought-resistant, does not like drought, if the growing season long-term lack of water, although the plant will not die, the growth is extremely slow, or even stop, its appearance is also poor, watering time to early morning is better, evening after sunset can also be, but to avoid the noon high-temperature watering, so as to avoid sudden changes in soil temperature, causing decay.
For intermediate succulents, because of their slow growth, they do not need much water, so it is enough to keep the potting soil slightly moist.
As for winter-type succulents, since their growth is completely stagnant, watering should be strictly controlled, not to mention rain, otherwise, it will easily rot.
Summer type succulents in the growing season can be fertilized depending on the species, while winter type succulents and intermediate type succulents should stop fertilizing.
Talinum caffrum, Euphorbia decaryi, and other plants are prone to bursting and scattering seeds when the pods mature, so attention should be paid to harvesting the pods in time to avoid losing seeds when they mature.
The seeds of Lophophora williamsii, Hamatocactus setispinus, and other summer-type succulents should be sown in time after harvesting because fresh seeds have a high germination rate. If it is not possible to sow the seeds temporarily, it is better to keep the seeds in the refrigerator to keep them fresh.